Temple Baptist Church - 4-29-2020
Hebrews 11:28; Exodus 12:1-14
A. Once again, we find a verse beginning with “Through faith” instead of “By Faith.” The word “through” is a preposition with the object being “faith.” Through means “moving in one side and out of the other side” of something. An expected outcome, knowing the outcome in advance. This phrase is found twice in the preceding verses:
1. Hebrews 11:3 Through faith we understand that the worlds were framed by the word of God, so that things which are seen were not made of things which do appear. (We see the result of God’s creation and understand that this world could not have come from nothing, therefore, it had to be created Ex Nihilo or out of nothing.)
2. Hebrews 11:11 Through faith also Sara herself received strength to conceive seed, and was delivered of a child when she was past age, because she judged him faithful who had promised. (Though Sara doubted at first, God gave her the faith to conceive while knowing in advance the outcome.)
B. “By Faith” normally means an action done not knowing the outcome but trusting God for the outcome, either good or bad.
C. Through faith, he kept the Passover means that Moses already knew the outcome when he observed it. Passover-An exemption; to skip or to hop over.
1. The Passover was a national institution. Other than the keeping of the Sabbath, no other institutions had been established.
2. The Passover was to be the beginning of a new calendar year: Nisan – Our April. Exodus 12:2 This month shall be unto you the beginning of months: it shall be the first month of the year to you.
3. The Old Testament Passover was a type of Salvation through the finished work of the Messiah, our Lord Jesus Christ. The system was Atonement, or a Covering until the Lamb of God would come to “take away the sin of the world.”
4. The New Testament Passover was a tribute to the sacrificial work of our Lord Jesus Christ in His death, burial, and resurrection. The system is Propitiation or Christ taking our place.
5. The Lord’s Supper is done in remembrance of the body and blood of Christ. Christ’s body broken found in the bread and Christ’s blood found in the fruit of the vine.
D. The First Passover:
1. The Selection of the Lamb. Verses 3-5.
a. A Personal Lamb: Verses 3-5: Verse 3 – “a lamb” (Verse 3), became “the lamb” (Verse 4), which became “your lamb” (Verse 5).
Notice the progress as almost everyone stops at one of these places. “A lamb” means that it is one of many, thus there are many ways to heaven. “The lamb” is recognition that Jesus Christ was the Son of God but ends in personal rejection. “Your lamb” is personal faith in Jesus Christ that results in eternal salvation.
John 3:16 For God so loved the world, that he gave his only begotten Son, that whosoever believeth in him should not perish, but have everlasting life.
b. A Pure Lamb: Verses 5-6: Without blemish; a male of the first year; observed for 14 days. Though scrutinized by Pharisees, lawyers, scribes, and mankind in general—no fault was found in Him.
2 Corinthians 5:21 For he hath made him to be sin for us, who knew no sin; that we might be made the righteousness of God in him.
2. The Sacrifice of the Lamb. Verses 6-7.
a. The Lamb’s Body Died. A price for sin had to be paid through death. The wages of sin have never changed.
1 Corinthians 15:3-4 For I delivered unto you first of all that which I also received, how that Christ died for our sins according to the scriptures; (4) And that he was buried, and that he rose again the third day according to the scriptures:
b. The Lamb’s Blood Applied. The death of the lamb availed nothing with the application of the blood to the door. It had to be applied on the door of every home.
Hebrews 9:12 Neither by the blood of goats and calves, but by his own blood he entered in once into the holy place, having obtained eternal redemption for us.
3. The Substitution of the Lamb. Verses 6-13.
a. The Entering of the Sanctuary. Every individual had to personally go through the door into the house to be saved from death.
John 10:9 I am the door: by me if any man enter in, he shall be saved, and shall go in and out, and find pasture.
b. The Eating of the Sacrifice. Every individual had to allow the sacrifice to become a part of them.
John 6:51-53 I am the living bread which came down from heaven: if any man eat of this bread, he shall live for ever: and the bread that I will give is my flesh, which I will give for the life of the world. (52) The Jews therefore strove among themselves, saying, How can this man give us his flesh to eat? (53) Then Jesus said unto them, Verily, verily, I say unto you, Except ye eat the flesh of the Son of man, and drink his blood, ye have no life in you.
4. The Salvation of the Lamb. Verse 13.
a. The Criteria of Salvation. The token of the blood was the reminder that only it would take away the sinfulness of man.
Hebrews 9:22 And almost all things are by the law purged with blood; and without shedding of blood is no remission.
1 Peter 1:18-19 Forasmuch as ye know that ye were not redeemed with corruptible things, as silver and gold, from your vain conversation received by tradition from your fathers; (19) But with the precious blood of Christ, as of a lamb without blemish and without spot:
b. The Commencement of Salvation. The Passover was that moment that the LORD passed over that door and, because of the acceptance of the individuals inside, delivered them.
Acts 16:31 And they said, Believe on the Lord Jesus Christ, and thou shalt be saved, and thy house.
Romans 10:13 For whosoever shall call upon the name of the Lord shall be saved.
5. The Celebration of the Lamb. Verse 14.
a. The Ordinance. The Passover was to be on the 14th day of the 1st month from that point on.
1 Corinthians 11:23-25 For I have received of the Lord that which also I delivered unto you, That the Lord Jesus the same night in which he was betrayed took bread: (24) And when he had given thanks, he brake it, and said, Take, eat: this is my body, which is broken for you: this do in remembrance of me. (25) After the same manner also he took the cup, when he had supped, saying, This cup is the new testament in my blood: this do ye, as oft as ye drink it, in remembrance of me.
b. The Observance. As the Old Testament saints observed the Passover in anticipation of the Messiah, the New Testament saints observe the Lord’s Supper in retrospect.
1 Corinthians 11:26 For as often as ye eat this bread, and drink this cup, ye do shew the Lord's death till he come.