Temple Baptist Church - 1-28-2018
A. The biblical doctrine of Hamartiology is the study of sin and its consequences. Verse 12 is a much-quoted verse when explaining how sin came about, how we are born sinners—yet innocent, personal sinfulness, and consequences.
B. In its context, we find the justification by faith of the believer. Verse 12 explains to the justified why salvation is required. There are several words or phrases that explain our salvation: born again, saved, justified, redeemed, etc. that set forth different aspects of our salvation. When Peter wrote to the “strangers scattered,” he used the word “redeemed.” It means to be bought back.
C. The Origin of Sin. “Sin entered” We often fail to realize the deceitfulness and deception of sin. Sin began in two perfect environments and was precipitated by the same personality.
1. Sin was found in God’s heaven and in the heart of one of God’s most trusted servants, Lucifer.
Ezekiel 28:14-15 Thou art the anointed cherub that covereth; and I have set thee so: thou wast upon the holy mountain of God; thou hast walked up and down in the midst of the stones of fire. (15) Thou wast perfect in thy ways from the day that thou wast created, till iniquity was found in thee. (Along with the fall of the “anointed cherub that covereth,” sin brought down a multitude of God’s angels.)
2. Sin was found in God’s Garden and in the heart of the first man, Adam.
Genesis 3:6 And when the woman saw that the tree was good for food, and that it was pleasant to the eyes, and a tree to be desired to make one wise, she took of the fruit thereof, and did eat, and gave also unto her husband with her; and he did eat.
D. The Definition of Sin.
1. Sin epitomizes the eternal principle of Dualism: 1) To stand outside of God 2) To be independent of God. These two principles can be perfectly defined as Humanism. Humanism wants nothing to do with God and operates independently from God. That is where most of the world now stands. If man can “DO AWAY” with God, then there is no accountability to God. Therefore, man becomes his own “god.”
Romans 1:21 Because that, when they knew God, they glorified him not as God, neither were thankful; but became vain in their imaginations, and their foolish heart was darkened.
2. Sin is a Violation of God’s Law. To trespass or overstep a boundary. The sin nature is the capacity and inclination to do those things that can in no way commend us to God. Sin can be willful or found in ignorance. Sin can be commission or omission.
Romans 1:32 Who knowing the judgment of God, that they which commit such things are worthy of death, not only do the same, but have pleasure in them that do them.
E. The Penalty of Sin. “Death by sin” Sin’s wage has never changed.
1. Physical Death. Though we are saved, death is sure unless the rapture takes place soon.
1 Corinthians 15:22 For as in Adam all die, even so in Christ shall all be made alive.
Hebrews 9:27 And as it is appointed unto men once to die, but after this the judgment:
2. Spiritual Death. To the unbeliever, both physical death and spiritual death in the Lake of Fire.
Revelation 20:14-15 And death and hell were cast into the lake of fire. This is the second death. (15) And whosoever was not found written in the book of life was cast into the lake of fire.
F. The Endurance of Sin. “Death reigned!” Every man, everywhere, in every dispensation.
a. All are born sinners though born in innocence.
b. All are sinners by choice and therefore guilty before God.
G. Adam, A Beautiful Type of Christ and His Substitution For Our Sin. Romans 5:14
1. Adam Understood God’s Commandment – Genesis 2:15-17a
1 Timothy 2:11-15 Let the woman learn in silence with all subjection. But I suffer not a woman to teach, nor to usurp authority over the man, but to be in silence. For Adam was first formed, then Eve. And Adam was not deceived, but the woman being deceived was in the transgression. Notwithstanding she shall be saved in childbearing, if they continue in faith and charity and holiness with sobriety.
Genesis 2:16-17 And the LORD God commanded the man, saying, Of every tree of the garden thou mayest freely eat: But of the tree of the knowledge of good and evil, thou shalt not eat of it: for in the day that thou eatest thereof thou shalt surely die.
2. Jesus Understood God’s Commandment
Ezekiel 18:4 Behold, all souls are mine; as the soul of the father, so also the soul of the son is mine: the soul that sinneth, it shall die.
John 10:35 If he called them gods, unto whom the word of God came, and the scripture cannot be broken;
Matthew 5:18 For verily I say unto you, Till heaven and earth pass, one jot or one tittle shall in no wise pass from the law, till all be fulfilled.
3. Adam Understood God’s Judgment For Sin – Genesis 2:17b
Romans 6:23 For the wages of sin is death; but the gift of God is eternal life through Jesus Christ our Lord.
Ezekiel 18:20 The soul that sinneth, it shall die. The son shall not bear the iniquity of the father, neither shall the father bear the iniquity of the son: the righteousness of the righteous shall be upon him, and the wickedness of the wicked shall be upon him.
4. Jesus Understood God’s Judgment For Sin
Matthew 26:39 And he went a little further, and fell on his face, and prayed, saying, O my Father, if it be possible, let this cup pass from me: nevertheless not as I will, but as thou wilt.
Mark 15:34 And at the ninth hour Jesus cried with a loud voice, saying, Eloi, Eloi, lama sabachthani? which is, being interpreted, My God, my God, why hast thou forsaken me?
5. Adam Loved His Bride – Genesis 2:21-25
Genesis 3:6 And when the woman saw that the tree was good for food, and that it was pleasant to the eyes, and a tree to be desired to make[one wise, she took of the fruit thereof, and did eat, and gave also unto her husband with her; and he did eat.
6. Jesus Loved His Bride
Ephesians 5:25-29 Husbands, love your wives, even as Christ also loved the church, and gave himself for it; That he might sanctify and cleanse it with the washing of water by the word, That he might present it to himself a glorious church, not having spot, or wrinkle, or any such thing; but that it should be holy and without blemish. So ought men to love their wives as their own bodies. He that loveth his wife loveth himself. For no man ever yet hated his own flesh; but nourisheth and cherisheth it, even as the Lord the church:
John 15:13 Greater love hath no man than this, that a man lay down his life for his friends.
7. Adam Gave Up His Glorious Residence For His Bride – Genesis 2:7-8
Genesis 3:17-19 And unto Adam he said, Because thou hast hearkened unto the voice of thy wife, and hast eaten of the tree, of which I commanded thee, saying, Thou shalt not eat of it: cursed is the ground for thy sake; in sorrow shalt thou eat of it all the days of thy life; Thorns also and thistles shall it bring forth to thee; and thou shalt eat the herb of the field; In the sweat of thy face shalt thou eat bread, till thou return unto the ground; for out of it wast thou taken: for dust thou art, and unto dust shalt thou return.
8. Jesus Gave Up His Glorious Residence For His Bride
John 1:14 And the Word was made flesh, and dwelt among us, (and we beheld his glory, the glory as of the only begotten of the Father,) full of grace and truth.
2 Corinthians 8:9 For ye know the grace of our Lord Jesus Christ, that, though he was rich, yet for your sakes he became poor, that ye through his poverty might be rich.
9. Adam Tasted Death Willingly For His Bride – Genesis 3:6
10. Jesus Tasted Death Willingly For His Bride
Hebrews 2:14 Forasmuch then as the children are partakers of flesh and blood, he also himself likewise took part of the same; that through death he might destroy him that had the power of death, that is, the devil;
Hebrews 9:15 And for this cause he is the mediator of the new testament, that by means of death, for the redemption of the transgressions that were under the first testament, they which are called might receive the promise of eternal inheritance.
1 Peter 3:18 For Christ also hath once suffered for sins, the just for the unjust, that he might bring us to God, being put to death in the flesh, but quickened by the Spirit:
11. Adam’s Sacrifice Brought Eternal Life To His Bride – Genesis 3:15
12. Jesus’ Sacrifice Brought Eternal Life To His Bride
John 3:16 For God so loved the world, that he gave his only begotten Son, that whosoever believeth in him should not perish, but have everlasting life.
Romans 5:19 For as by one man’s disobedience many were made sinners, so by the obedience of one shall many be made righteous.
Romans 5:10 For if, when we were enemies, we were reconciled to God by the death of his Son, much more, being reconciled, we shall be saved by his life.
2 Corinthians 5:21 For he hath made him to be sin for us, who knew no sin; that we might be made the righteousness of God in him.
Conclusion: Adam chose to die for his bride, Eve, and Christ chose to die for His bride, the church. In Adam, all tasted death; in Christ, all live.